School has been back in session and the first seasonal colds are beginning to appear in classrooms. As a person living with type 1 diabetes.
When sick, the body attempts to fight it. The body releases hormones that increase insulin resistance. This means that usually the BG raises inducing hyperglycemia.
However, if nausea, vomiting and diarrhea are involved, there is a chance that the BG can fall inducing hypoglycemia.
Check BG levels more frequently during a sick day. Drinking plenty of fluids is essential.
For people with diabetes, this can actually help flush out the sugar and ketones in the blood.
Additional insulin or medication might need to be given. Be aware of hidden sugars in over-the-counter medications.
The American Diabetes Association recommends that “prepare a plan for sick days in advance. Work with your doctor, or a diabetes educator. The plan will include when to call your diabetes team, how often to measure blood sugar and urine ketones, what medicines to take, and how to eat. Also, attach to your plan a list of phone numbers for your doctor, diabetes educator, and dietitian.