Metabolic syndrome is a group of risk factors for heart disease and diabetes. It includes obesity, elevated blood pressure, elevated blood sugar, elevated triglyceride and decreased levels of good cholesterol or HDL.
Presence of even one above mentioned factor indicates metabolic syndrome. These factors increase the risk of heart disease by almost two-fold and the risk of diabetes at least five-fold.
The causes of the metabolic syndrome seem to be very tightly interconnected with the causes of type 2 diabetes. Beside obesity metabolic error is also associated with insulin resistance.
So that it’s estimated that about 25 percent of the population in the United States have the metabolic syndrome. The reason can be obesity or because of insulin resistance or both. And the majority of type 2 diabetic subjects have the metabolic syndrome as well.
This is an area of great concern because it suggests that unless we control this set of risk factors, our rates of heart disease and diabetes are simply going to increase again.