Gaining weight after the diagnosis of type 2 diabetes increases mortality. This increases risk for cardiovascular-disease death and for all-cause death. Researchers reported a paper, that from an analysis of 8,500 patients in primary care practices, “Weight gain in patients with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes may be more hazardous than previously recognized,” suggesting that steps should be taken to limit weight gain in this patient group.
The analysis showed that among 1,238 patients who gained at least one body mass index unit (1 kg/m2) during the first year following incident diagnosis with type 2 diabetes had a cardiovascular mortality rate 63% above that of 4,523 patients whose BMI didn’t change, and they had an all-cause mortality 34% above the unchanged group, both statistically significant differences. The analysis was adjusted for baseline differences in age, sex, BMI, prior angina, education, marital status, and glucose-lowering drugs.
From the results of the study, it was concluded that Increase in body mass index during the first year after new onset diabetes is associated with increased long term risk of death due to cardiovascular disease. The study also suggests that the level of BMI increase is associated with an elevated risk of dying from cardiovascular disease and every effort should be made to minimize increase in BMI in diabetes patients.